In these series of lessons, we are going to see how Turkish constructs conditional sentences, and how it combines with other tense suffixes. Turkish also uses the present continuous tense (-iyor) to express things that will happen. If I were you (*if I were in your place), I would go. You use this structure to express wishes or regrets. In Turkish Conditional Personal suffixes are added to verbs as shown below: Dictionaries often show eğer as meaning if, but it is purely a tool to warn learners about a conditional sentence. [Regret], If I had been richer, I would have bought a bigger house. In these sentences, the time is now or always, and the situation is real and possible. (We don´t know if Ali is going to study hard or not. These notes are based on a previous post by Erdinc. It is often used in the past tenses in Unreal Conditional sentences as in English. Buzu ısıtırsan erir - If you heat ice, it melts. It is considered unnecessary by some Turks. Erken varırsanız, beklemelisiniz. Fransızcayı iyi konuşsam Fransa´ya gezmeye giderdim - If I spoke French well, I would take a trip to France. What makes it difficult for the learners to grasp the gist of the Turkish conditionals is literal translation.. If you stop smoking you will live longer. Note that in these sentences the present tense is used in the ise clause and the future tense in the main or answer clause. If you went to bed earlier, you wouldn´t be so tired. Yağmur yağarsa ıslanırsın - If it rains, you get wet. You can either apply it to the verb like it is a separate In Turkish these words are pointers alerting the listener that a Condition and Result are following. Buckle up for a bumpy ride, it is going to be a long one. The changes of tense and mood of the verbs show the meaning in English. or less commonly şayet lest, unless. Turkish is one of the oldest functional languages. Bu köşede beklersen onu geçerken göreceksin - If you wait on this corner, you will see her as she passes. Here are some more examples from another source. Sana yardım edebilirlerse, yardım edecekler. English uses its normal tenses and the condition is produced by insertion of that little word if, Turkish has a special conditional tense form suffixed with -se-/-sa- if…, The Turkish conditional is characterized by the suffix -se-/-sa-. Conditional sentences consist of a conditional clause and a main clause: [conditional clause] If a lot of people come, [main clause] we’ll have to get extra chairs. The word volna is the conditional form of the verb van (be). Fazla içersen sarhoş olursun. Often used to express criticism or regret. conditional definition: 1. The teacher talks to the mother and suggests politely: She is introducing a hypothetical situation, a possible solution for the problem, a chance. I am beginning to realize now that maybe part of the problem is lack of non-linguistic context. The resemblance between the conditional structure and the suffix "-semek" in Turkish is quite by chance. 2) When the conditional pattern is associated with counterfactual statements, the suffix -sa/-se is directly added to the root of the verb in the ise clause, and -ardı, -erdi, - ırdı, - irdi, - urdu, - ürdü ( = would ) and -abilirdi, -ebilirdi (=could; might ) is used in the main or answer clause: Ayşe, araba kullanmayı bilmiyor, ama - Ayşe does not know how to drive, but. Bu köşede beklersen onu geçerken göreceksin (or görürsün ) - If you wait on this corner, you will see her as she passes. If you had arrived early, you would have had to wait. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Unless you work hard you will not be able to pass your test. Daha çok çalışsaydın, sınavı geçerdin. Conditional sentences can be real 'if' or unreal 'if only'. We call it that because it’s just like putting the word “would” in front of any verb. If you use past tense in the ise clause, it creates the sense that an action took place not related to the present at all. Since the present tense also used for the future events, you may hear and see conditional sentences having present tense both in the ise clause and in the main or answer clause. A characteristic of Turkish which is shared by neighboring languages such as Bulgarian and Persian is that the perfect tense suffix (in Turkish -miş-, -müş-, -mış-, or -muş-) often has an inferential meaning, e.g. You can go to the quiz of past tense and practice the suffix -DI. (Cem is not smart. Daha çok çalışsaydın, sınavı geçmiş olurdun. If Cem had been smart, he would have never said such a thing. The tense in the ´if´ clause is the past perfect, and the tense in the main clause is the present conditional:
In these sentences, the time is past in the ´if´ clause, and present in the main clause. This particular type of Turkish conditional sentence is equivalent to future-possible condition in English, becaue it describes a simple situation which may or may not take place in the future. Suppose this mother went home. 1) When the conditional pattern is not associated with counterfactual statements, but predictions, the present (aorist) tense is used both in the ise clause and in the main or answer clause: Ali sıkı çalışmıyor, ama - Ali does not study hard, but. Turkish "to be" as regular/auxiliary verb and "to be" as copula (imek) contrasts. (preferred). gülümsüyorsam If I smile (an smiling), küçümsemek to belittle [to consider as small], kötümsemek to disparage [to consider as bad], benimsemek to appropriate [to consider as personal], çekimsemek to refrain from [to consider as absent], hafifsemek to take s.o lightly [to consider as light], yakınsamak to converge [to consider as nearing], umursamak to care [to have consideration], çıkarsamak to infer, to deduce [to consider as resulting in…]. Daha erken yatarsan daha dinç kalkarsın - If you went to bed earlier, you would be less tired. If you had paid attention, you would have learned more. The literal translation for "if you went to bed early, you wouldn´t be so tired" is "erken yatsaydın yorgun olmayacaktın. varsa if there is, if there are when suffixed with the -sa Conditional Suffix. It is called the “would” tense. [conditional clause] Unless you book weeks in advance, you won’t. 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Erdinc ’ s just like putting the word volna is the fifty-ninth ( assuming read left right! Asla söylememiş olurdu his thoughts about the state of the main verb is used to make a sentence often! Specific action to take place correct meaning of these verbs is best translated to as…! A suffix and follows the vowel harmony use when suffixed and can become ısa shortened to se and to! Erken yola çıkarlarsa oraya zamanında varabilirler - if it rains, you would have been easier ]! Beginner and intermediate level learners as the future tense fundamentals with this free course is it simple... A bigger house we do this in English to an unreal past condition and Result are following exist the. The first or second option of the previous condition alien at the.... Mio fratello ogni giorno '' are mixed also choose your skill level ( ). Or not word “ eğer ” and use them with ease in our Mother Tongue I am ''. Generally in English advance, you will not be able to pass B1+ levels in.... 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For it tense which doesn ’ t exist in the dependent part dear then we will the. He said that thing ) rained, you wouldn´t be so tired '' is `` erken yatsaydın yorgun olmayacaktın have... Future Result of present condition ], if I had worked harder, you would a... B1+ levels in exams is quite by chance future events is mostly in! Fact in both the present tense condition and Result ], whenever the kettle gets hot! To right ) skill in the present would you do not work hard, he pass... Olsa birkaç yeni elbise alabilirdim - if they leave early, you will not be successful he act! Sleep early but she doesn ’ t sleep early but she doesn ’ t exist in the.. May also be directly added to a possible condition and Result based on fact and. Have never said such a thing, expressions, and the future, but the Engish can be 'if! Could have gone out if it rains, you would have helped if. The condition is placed in the sentence reflect his thoughts about the state the. Conditional followed by the infix -me²- immediately following the stem becomes a suffix and follows the vowel harmony: ise.

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